The Prohibited List for Human Athletes
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) publishes and maintains a List of the Substances and Methods which are prohibited:
a) at all times;
b) in-competition only; or
c) in specific sports.
Substances and Methods are classified by category (e.g. steroids, stimulants, gene doping).
The List is updated annually and comes into effect on 1 January. It is published 3 months before earlier (1 October) so athletes have the time to review any changes and apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) for their current medical treatment if necessary.
Athletes have a duty to:
- Be familiar with the Prohibited List and make sure to always be updated on the latest version;
- Systematically ask their medical practitioners to verify that no medication, supplement or treatment they are taking (prescribed or not) involves Prohibited Substances or Methods;
- Apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption if a prescribed treatment involves Prohibited Substances or Methods;
- When purchasing over-the-counter medication, consult their national anti-doping agency or ask the pharmacist to check that the medication does not contain anything prohibited on the Prohibited List currently in force;
- Be extremely cautious with and generally avoid dietary and nutritional supplements. Never assume that a product is safe to use simply because it is a supplement. Many supplements contain undeclared ingredients including illegal stimulants, steroids, and prescription medications.